Carlos S. Alvarado has been a member of the PA since 1983. Alvarado is known in parapsychology mainly for two lines of work: his articles about various aspects of the past literature of the field and his reviews and research regarding out-of-body experiences. In addition, he has contributed to other topics such as sources of information in parapsychology and discussions of spontaneous phenomena. Alvarado has a BA in Psychology from the University of Puerto Rico, an MS in Parapsychology from John F. Kennedy University, an MA in History from Duke University, and a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Edinburgh. During his career Alvarado has been associated with the University of Virginia’s Division of Parapsychology (also during its period as Division of Perceptual Studies), the Institute for Parapsychology (now Rhine Research Center), and the Parapsychology Foundation. He is currently Scholar in Residence at Atlantic University.